Faculty Member: Carrie Jeschke

Plants and Botany


Botany Unit Overview

        In the plant unit, you will be learning how scientists learn about plant characteristics.  This will include learning many scientific skills and botany concepts through lab inquiry and classroom activities.  Some of the main botany concepts will include: the basic parts of a plant cell, the parts of a plant, and how plants are organized into different groups based on similarities and differences.  Some scientific skills include: the scientific method, metric measurement, experimental variables, and recording data in tables and making graphs.





Concepts:  Students will understand:


1.  How plants change the Sun’s energy into sugar through photosynthesis.

2.  What are the characteristics of simple plants.

3.  The four organs on a complex plant.

4.  The difference between pollination and fertilization.

5.   The parts of a flower.

6.  The different ways pollen is spread.

7.  The importance of seeds and the different types of seeds.

8.   How plants respond to their environment.

9.     How plants adapt to their biomes.

10.  The many different career positions available in the science field related to plants.

  1. How past scientists have contributed to our knowledge of plants.


Science Inquiry and Lab Skills

1.  The steps of the scientific method

2.  View plant tissues with a compound microscope.

3.  Classify plants based on similar characteristics.

3.  Use and name common lab equipment

3.  Complete a controlled plant experiment that identifies all three types of variables.

4.  Understand the difference between an observation and an inference.

4.  Use the metric system to measure plant growth.

5.   Use a centigram balance scale to measure the mass of seeds and plants.

6.   Use the skills of dissection to learn the parts of a flower.

7.  Spell and define certain words related to the unit.

8.  Read material related to the unit and record information on notes or worksheets.


Plant Unit Vocabulary

Roots                     Verify                                             

Stems                    Hypotheses                              

Leaves                   Bias                      


Scientific Method


1.  Make observations and ask questions.

2.  Form a hypothesis.

3.  Conduct an experiment.

4.  Evaluate data.

5.  Communicate the results.


Flowers                 Experimental Subjects

Xylem                    Communication

Phloem                   Relevant

Root hairs              Analyze

Chloroplast            Evaluate

Photosynthesis        Variables

Moss                     Collaboration

Science                           Observation                                   

Facts                              Botany

Scientific Method          Biology                       

Experiment                  Inference                     

Anterior                  Ventral            

Dorsal                       Posterior            

Data                           Variable               

Control                         Verify                                                 

Independent           Manipulated Variable

Dependent           Responding Variable


Classify                Hypothesis


Beaker                 Graduated Cylinder

Test Tube              Erlenmeyer Flask

Gymnosperms          Angiosperms

Pollination              Fertilization

Seed                      Cotyledon


Botanist                Botany

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